Draft GPUS Platform Amendment Political Reform
DRAFT AMENDMENT FOR THE 2010 PLATFORM OF THE GREEN PARTY OF THE UNITED STATES
CHAPTER 1: DEMOCRACY
Section title: A. Political Reform
Section subtitle: Halting corruption, empowering people
Our Position: Greens want to crack down on public corruption and strengthen the voice of the people at all levels of government.
The defining characteristics of American politics are rampant corruption and anti-democratic rules that give power to big corporations and the wealthy, especially at the federal level. Our federal campaign finance system is so corrupt that corporate and wealthy elites purchase nearly any outcome they want.
Our winner-take-all voting system has produced low voter participation, no real choice or competition in countless elections, and far too few women and minorities in elected office. The failure to fulfill its promise leaves millions of Americans too discouraged to vote. Greens support fair systems of voting that will draw more Americans back into civic life.
Everyone deserves to influence the decisions that affect their lives. Greens want to return power to the people, and bring vibrant grassroots democracy to every part of the United States. We aim to bring transparency and honesty to all levels of government, and to enable citizens to hold public officials fully accountable.
Electoral reform for a better democracy
1. Proportional representation voting systems such as choice voting (candidate-based), mixed member voting (combines with district representation), and party list (party based); and semi-proportional voting systems such as limited voting, and cumulative voting. All are used throughout the free world and by U.S. businesses, and community and non-profit groups to increase democratic representation.
2. Abolish the Electoral College and provide for the direct election of the president by instant runoff voting.
3. Instant runoff voting in chief executive races, (mayor, governor, president, etc.) by which voters can rank the candidates in their order of preference (1,2,3, etc.). This system guarantees that the eventual winner has majority support, and allows voters to express their preferences knowing that supporting their favorite candidate will not inadvertently help their least favored candidate. This also saves money in that it prevents unnecessary Run-Off elections.
4. Multi-party democracy for partisan elections. This is the best way to guarantee majority rule, since it offers more responsive representation to more people. Throughout American history, smaller parties have often aired crucial new points of view that were ignored, marginalized or silenced by the major parties.
5. Eliminate all ballot access laws and rules that discriminate against smaller parties and independents, and otherwise place undue burden on the right of citizens to run for office.
6. Replace the corporate-controlled Commission on Presidential Debates with a new publicly-funded People’s Commission on Presidential Debates, to open the presidential debates to all candidates on the ballot.
Curbing corruption and ending corporate control
1. Full public financing of federal, state and local elections, including free and equal radio and television time on our public airwaves for all ballot-qualified candidates. This is perhaps the single best investment that we can make to stop corruption and empower citizens.
2. Prohibit corporations from using their treasuries to influence elections, preferably by constitutional amendment abolishing corporate personhood, or as a condition of receipt of a corporate charter by federal chartering of corporations.
3. Tough new federal anti-bribery and gratuity laws to stop corporations and the wealthy from purchasing government action, and vigorous enforcement of anti-corruption laws by the Justice Department.
4. Prohibit elected officials and their staffs from accepting for their own benefit any gifts from lobbyists or the general public.
5. The U.S. Senate and House ethics committees must punish members of Congress for corruption and wrongdoing, instead of just letting them off the hook, as they currently do.
6. Require outside counsel to investigate ethics complaints against members of Congress.
7. Replace the Federal Election Commission with a vigorous watchdog empowered to enforce federal campaign finance laws.
8. Expand revolving-door lobbying "cooling off" periods for members of Congress and their top staff to at least two years.
Transparency and good government
1. New "sunshine laws" to provide citizens with all necessary information and access to their political system.
2. Place our most important federal, state and local government documents on the Internet, especially texts of bills, searchable databases of voting records, draft committee and conference reports, and court decisions.
3. Reinvigorate the independent investigative agencies, such as the General Accounting Office and the inspectors general.
4. Allow any member of Congress to require a floor vote on any congressional earmark, to stop wasteful spending.
5. Twelve-year term limits for elected officials except President of the United States, which should remain at eight years.
6. Currently, incumbents are allowed to send mail to their constituents for free under a 'Franking' privilege. This allows the incumbent to tell their constituents what the elected official is doing. In order for the elected official know what the citizens think, letters from Citizens to their Members of Congress and the President will no longer require postage.
Unless I am educated differently, I tend to object to term limits. I think it is useful to have people around with history. If they are not doing a good job, their constituents should not re-elect them, yet I know being an incumbent is overwhelmingly effective for a candidate...unless they are doing a bad job. I could have my arm twisted on this one. Well I did my own research on this and when I see who opposes term limits, I wonder if I am in the right camp.
ORIGINAL 2004 TEXT
The Green Party proposes a comprehensive political reform agenda calling for real reform, accountability, and responsiveness in government through the powers and abilities of citizens as created by the Constitution of the United States of America.
1. Political debate, public policy, and legislation should be judged on their merits, not on the quid pro quo of political barter and money.
2. We propose comprehensive campaign finance reform, including caps on spending and contributions, at the national and state level; and / or full public financing of elections to remove undue influence in political campaigns.
3. All viable candidates at the state and federal levels should have free and equal radio and television time and print press coverage.
4. We will work to ban or greatly limit political action committees and restrict soft money contributions.
5. We support significant lobbying regulation such as strict rules that disclose the extent of political lobbying via “gifts” and contributions. Broad-based reforms of government operations, with congressional reorganization and ethics laws, must be instituted. At every level of government, we support Sunshine Laws that open up the political system to access by ordinary citizens.
6. We support increasing the role of independent expository agencies, such as the General Accounting Office.
7. We recognize individual empowerment, full citizen participation, and proportional representation as the foundation of an effective and pluralistic democracy.
8. We demand choices in our political system. This can be accomplished by proportional representation voting systems such as
Choice Voting (candidate-based),
Mixed Member Voting (combines with district representation), and
Party List (party based);
and semi-proportional voting systems such as
Limited Voting, and
All are used throughout the free world and by U.S. businesses, and community and non-profit groups to increase democratic representation. We call on local governments to lead the way toward more electoral choice and broader representation.
9. We believe in majority rule and reject the present method of election without a majority. Accordingly, we call for the use of Instant Runoff Voting in chief executive races, (mayor, governor, president, etc.) where voters can rank their favorite candidates (1,2,3, etc.) to guarantee that the winner has majority support and that voters are not relegated to choosing between the lesser of two evils.
10. We believe in multi-party democracy for partisan elections as the best way to guarantee majority rule, since more people will have representation at the table where policy is enacted. We assert that introduction of a multi-party democracy is essential because
The change in the structure of electoral politics will moderate the influence of extremist views and domination by the larger parties, and offer more fair representation to a greater number of citizens; and
A third party can validate and raise other points of view that need to be heard.
11. The Electoral College is an 18th century anachronism. We call for a constitutional amendment abolishing the Electoral College and providing for the direct election of the president by Instant Runoff Voting. Until that time, we call for a proportional allocation of delegates in state primaries.
12. Using our voice to help others find their voice, a national Green Party should spring from many sources: state and local Green Party electoral efforts, individual efforts, political involvement and direction at every level. We look toward forming bioregional confederations to coordinate regional issues based on natural and ecosystem boundaries instead of traditional political ones.